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Top Most Famous Biologists

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Science characterizes life in and around us. The question not only helped us to understand each other better, but the information about proliferation, physiology, adaptation, illness and various parts of the body saved lives, which promoted the reason for life humanity. Those who are recognized as such have contributed to an extraordinary impact in the world through a blend of diligent work and dedication to their vocation. This summary contains the most recognizable investigator, alive and dead, of every nation on the planet. Interesting researchers, for example, where these great researchers were designed and what nationality they are, are included in this overview with interesting data.

In the event that your fantasy work should be a famous researcher, you should be inspired by these people. The field of science has seen many critical revelations on a regular basis. From vaccinations to assumptions about the beginning and movement of life on Earth, the many revelations have improved our understanding of history and our nature of life. The companion is a summary of the best specialists in history as well as their most important commitments in the logical world. From biotechnology and computer media to sustainable vitality and distributed computing, virtually everything is affected from time to time and completely reconfigured from time to time. through logical and mechanical progress. In science, in this article, we refer to the characters and the sciences of construction (that’s why we ban pure arithmetic and additional sociology).

Therefore, this article focuses on researchers in the natural, medical and natural sciences as well as those who are interested in innovation and in particular computers. As a general public, we underestimated the products of science, such as our PC use, our access to running water and electricity, and our dependence on various types of transport and correspondence. However, all of these benefits are based on the revelations and creations of researchers who seek a thorough understanding of the workings of nature and its materials.

1. Charles Darwin (1809-1882)

After studying at the University of Cambridge and receiving medical degrees from the University of Edinburgh in Scotland, Darwin was a naturalist. As a scientist, he suggested that “all kinds of life” come from a lonely source. His developmental hypothesis marks the beginning of the regular election dialogue.

2. Gregor Mendel (1822-1884)

When he explained “Plant Hybridization Analysis,” he prepared scientists for the inheritance properties of peas. In the midst of his analysis, Gregor found that a certain property prevails over different attributes in similar species. This was continued to be perceived as the Mendelian heir.

3. Aristotle (384-322 BC)

Aristotle is always connected with logic and logic. Almost no one associates it with science and the pharmaceutical industry. His work on the characterization of living things was used until the 19th century. He separated them by calling the creatures and plants as he saw them, with blood, without blood, and so on.

4. Claude Bernard (1813-1878)

Claude Bernard was designed in 1813 in Saint Julien (France) and was considered one of the best men in science. He cultivated the use of poor visual analysis with a specific end goal to create goals. He also hoped that vivisection, the use of surgery in a living being to obtain information, was helpful in research and routine prescribing.

5. Robert Hooke (1635-1703)

Richard Hooke was born in 1635 on the Isle of Wight in England and studied at Oxford University, where he studied materials science and natural sciences. His work included the current application of Hooke’s Law, his use of microscopy, and the discovery of the “cell” in 1665 using a plug and a magnifying instrument.

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Toughness of theory of relativity part-4

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Can the velocity of light be changed? The short answer according to the above-mentioned experiment is-no. The speed of light is completely immutable. The velocity of anybody can be artificially reduced or enhanced, except for the velocity of light and sound. For information, let us know that the speed of light is much faster than the rotating velocity of our earth (about 32 km / s). Its velocity is about 300,000 kilometers / km

Special theory of relativity

What Einstein taught in physics in Zurich was based on Newton’s old rules and principles. When Einstein was about 16 years old, he experienced that some incidents were not favorable to the Newtonian rules, but still, he did not oppose it theoretically at that time. But in the 1905 paper, he expressed his views. The name of that important research paper was ‘On the Electrodynamics of moving bodies explained.’

The special theory of relativity is based on two hypotheses (Postulates). First Meditation: Our daily experience shows us that the speed of things in a straight and uniform velocity vehicle is not very different from the speed of the goods in the stopped car. If I throw a ball in a steady vehicle, the ball will fall straight into my hands and the ball thrown in the moving vehicle will also come back in my hands. If we do not pay attention to technical hiccups, then everything in a moving vehicle with the same speed varies like that in a steady vehicle.

In this way, we can conclude that the movement of objects in all laboratories, which are relative to each other, follow the same laws of physics. It is also called the relativity of motion. But the interesting fact is that the first hypothesis of special relativity was not discovered by Einstein but by Galileo Galilei.

Second hypothesis:

Under this hypothesis, Einstein believed that the speed of light is always constant and that the speed of the source or observation has no effect on it. As the obvious conclusion of the first hypothesis is that the values ​​of velocities vary for different laboratories moving relative to each other. But the velocity of light remains the same for different laboratories on the other side. That is why it is not relative, but it proves to be absolute. This hypothesis was also recognized in physics after the experiments of Mikeson-Morley. So what did Einstein give the new ideas in these old ways? Indeed, Einstein presented these hypotheses in a joint form, not as a different rule of physics.

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Toughness of theory of relativity part-3

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Suppose the above device was planted in a position that side AB is parallel to the velocity v of the earth at that time. Let’s also assume that the speed of light in ether is C. According to Newton’s theories or ancient theory, the velocity of light relative to the device along with AB is forward-to-C and is C + V after reflection. The speed of light along with the AC (square root) C is square-V square. If the length of AB and AC is the same, the time it takes to move light-radiated from A to B and the length of time going from A to C and coming back to A will be different.

In the experiment, the entropy meter was kept in such a way that AB was parallel to the velocity of the Earth and the conditions of the striking stripes were noted from the telescope. Then the device was rotated at an angle of 90 degrees so that AC became parallel to the velocity of the earth and AB is perpendicular to it. We know that the time spent on traveling between two light-radiates was different, so there should be a difference in the location of the intermediate stripes. Still, despite the frequent use of the transit, the transit was not found. This experiment was done in different places and in different seasons yet the transit was not found. Therefore, no evidence of any kind of speed, deviation, flutter etc. could not be found on passing through the ether.

This experiment concluded that the earth is either stagnant? Or the ethereal theory is wrong? And at that time it had been completely proven that the earth was dynamic. So it was unrealistic to believe that the earth was stagnant. At the same time, it was also clear that ether did not have any qualitative value. It also became clear that the idea of scientists related to ether was misleading. But, if it is true that ether is not the medium of light, and the light is a wave, then by which medium does light disseminate in the entire universe?

According to Mickelson-Morley, the answer was that light was a wave that travels without any medium. This experiment also showed that the speed of light does not depend on the source of light or the speed of origin and the velocity of light is uniform at all places. This experiment also came to light that Newton’s theory of relativity did not apply to objects like a light. According to this principle, the position of the observer can change the speed of some object, the principle of Newton relativity.

Imagine that there are two brothers. One is Pradeep and Sandeep is the other name. Pradeep is running at a speed of 10 km / h and Sandeep is running at a speed of 05 km/hr. According to Sandeep, his brother Pradeep is moving at a speed of 05 km / h. Then why should there be any difference in the matter of light? The answer is that light behaves differently than all motions.

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Toughness of theory of relativity part-2

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Ether’s hypothesis

At that time scientists imagined a strange medium for the movement of light, which was pervading in the whole universe. This medium was named ‘ether’. This medium filled up all the space (space) from ‘one star to the other stars’. This theory appeared to be verified when James Clerk Maxwell introduced the optical-wave as electromagnetic waves. From Maxwell’s equations, it came to the conclusion that electromagnetic waves are velocity equal to the light, due to which accurate calculation of the velocity of light was also done.

Scientists envisioning a medium called ether also said that ‘moving objects in ether never take such a thing’, as if a wooden cage (piece) floating in water does not pull water (water) with you. Scientists giving ether theory also believed that ether is world-wide and stable and the variance of light would also be different in different directions. Imagine that we have a car that is steady relative to ether, then the variance of light will be different in different directions. If ether has its existence, can its existence be certified?

Is ether’s existence? or not?

By interrupting the medium like ether, there are many such questions that can not be answered. As we study the properties of air (the medium of vibration of sound) we do not only do it with the observation of voice-variance but also with physics and chemical researchers. But ether does not participate in most physical and chemical activities. We can measure the pressure of the air, but the pressure of the ether cannot be measured. Along with that, we can also measure the density of air, but all attempts to know about the density of ether are sterile.

To physically verify the existence of ether, American physicist Abril Abraham Michelson performed the world-famous experiment in 1881. The main purpose of their experiment was to prove the ether theory. Michaelsen thought that if the world-wide ether is stable then due to passing through the ether, the earth had to face resistance and a stream of streams should flow into the ether.

The reader can assume that Michelson tried to find the relative motion of the Earth with ether through its use. Readers can also assume that Mickelson tried to know that the impact of the speed of light-source rather than the observer falls on the speed of light?

For this experiment, Michaelson created an instrument called Interferometer in 1881, with the help of which it could be used to treat the light as a scale. The results of that experiment were wonderful; According to which the starting motion of the Earth’s ether was zero. It meant that the earth was either motionless or the ether theory was wrong. Mikeson repeated this experiment with his associate Morley repeatedly, but he could not find ether. But their use became world-renowned despite repeated failures. Below we are presenting the details of that experiment.

Michelson-Morley experiments-Michelson-Morley experiment

Use of Mickelson and Morley
In the Michelson-Morley experiment, from the source S, the light collides at a 45-degree angle on a half-polished mirror A (see in the enclosed image). Part of the light goes to the mirror B and comes back to A again. Reflecting the remainder of the light reaches the mirror C and then from there comes back to A. Both get on the beams of light, where they produce ‘interference fringes’. These ‘interference stripes’ could be seen from the telescope. The device was placed on a very strong platform. That device could be rotated on the perpendicular axis of the floor.

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